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Review of the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

Irreproachable family anime-blockbuster with charming characters, fantastic air adventures and stunning animation.

10
evaluation

Parallel Earth with similar but different from our history and geography. When air pirates attack an airship on which government agents transport the kidnapped teenage girl, Sita escapes from the guards and falls out of the airship. However, it does not die, but starts levitating and smoothly descends to the ground, to the mining town where its peer, the orphan Pazu, lives. Having become acquainted and become friends, the guys discover that Sita is hunted not only by secret agents, but also by pirates and even by the army. All because the girl inherited a pendant with a magic crystal capable of indicating the path to the abandoned airy island of Laputa, whose kings hundreds of years ago ruled the world with the help of magic and technology.

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

After the rolling and critical triumph that was published in 1984, "Navsikai from the Valley of the Winds»Director of the picture Hayao Miyazaki, her producer Isao Takahata, publisher of the original comics editor of the magazine Animage Toshio Suzuki and head of the publishing house Tokuma Shoten Yasuyoshi Tokuma decided to cooperate on an ongoing basis. To do this, they created the anime company Studio Ghibli, named Miyazaki in honor of the Italian aircraft of the Second World War, Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli ("gibli" is the Libyan name of the Mediterranean wind of the sirocco blowing from the Sahara desert).

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

Miyazaki borrowed the airy island of Laputa from the "Adventures of Gulliver" by Jonathan Swift. He did not know that the name of the island was a Spanish insult (compare with the word "putana"). Therefore, in the US the picture is published without the word "Laputa" in the title - so as not to offend Hispanic viewers

Unlike most anime studios of the time, Studio Ghibli was supposed to produce exclusively feature-length animations. At the same time, the sponsored project of Tokum did not require Miyazaki and Takahata to base their plans on popular comics. Speaking modern business language, Studio Ghibli was allowed to create brands, and not just serve other people's ideas. It was a colossal credit of trust and a huge risk. Over the next ten years, while Ghibli did not accumulate a "fat" from the constant income from the already created hits, the commercial failure of any of its films could bankrupt the company and hurt the owners of the studio from the publishing house Tokuma Shoten.

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

In the Disney dubbing of "Laputa" the main characters were made older than they were in Miyazaki. That's why Pazu was not the actress, as in the Japanese version of the film, but the adult actor James van der Beek from the series "The Summer of Our Hopes" (also called "Dawson's Cove"). The role of the Sith was given to Anne Pakuin from the "X-Men"

In order not to let investors down, Miyazaki decided to do the same thing that Xei's Toei Douga studio did when he worked on it. While the bulk of the Japanese animation 1960-x was created based on a strictly defined audience (cartoons about big robots for teenage boys, romantic cartoons for teenage girls, and so on), Miyazaki relied on family paintings that were to captivate and toddlers, adolescents, and adults. Time for this was chosen as the ideal - in the previously "hammered" Japanese releases of American animation in the middle of 1980-x there was a clear decline, and in the Japanese animation just came artists from the first generation of anime fans. That is, the creators who not only loved the Japanese animation, but lived, breathed it and dreamed of bringing it to a new height. The backbone of Studio Ghibli, however, was assembled from experienced animators from the bankrupt Topcraft studio, who worked with Miyazaki and Takahata on "Nausicaa from the Valley of the Winds".

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

"Underwater" Miyazaki's plan in its original form, with a trip to the Nautilus, Captain Nemo, was embodied in the anime series "Nadia from the mysterious sea" (1990-1991) of the studios Group TAC and Gainax. It was the television directorial debut of Hideaki Anno, the future creator of the Evangelion.

For his first project at the new studio, Miyazaki chose the idea that he worked on in the middle of the 1970s, until his then sponsors cut off the idea of ​​oxygen. At that time it was assumed that Miyazaki and Takahata would draw a cartoon about the journey of two young Frenchmen with Captain Nemo, a submariner from Jules Verne's novel Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea. As the rights to this development remained at the Toho studio, Miyazaki came up with a new story about a boy and a girl who travel through the air in search of the heavenly island of Laputa. Accordingly, the place of the underwater "noble bandit" was taken by an elderly, but worth a dozen young men, the air piratka Dol. She first follows Sita, and then becomes a temporary ally of the protagonists, when government agents kidnap the girl's pendant and find out where to find the legendary "island of heavenly treasures."

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

As you can see, Miyazaki continued the feminist course "Navsikai" in "Laputa", but his second independent picture was much more gender balanced than "Navsikaya" (two opposite sex heroes, Sita and Pazu, and two opposite sex villains, Dola and the leader of secret agents Musca). In general, "Laputa" in almost all respects a stronger canvas. Why "almost"? Because "Navsikai" still has an advantage. This picture with a powerful ecological morality, which makes you think about the relationship between people and nature. "Laputa" same - pure water family blockbuster at the junction of fantasy, fantasy and paropanka. It captures, impresses, amazes, laughs, sometimes horrifies ... But only moderately stimulates the head. This is a story about amazing adventures and colorful heroes, and not about deep ideas. Not surprisingly, for some critics this is enough to find "Nausica" is better than "Laputa".

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

We, however, believe that everything is exactly the opposite. Relieving himself of his obligation to read to the audience a high-quality morality, Miyazaki created his first impeccable masterpiece. At least, from the point of view of the genre to which Laputa belongs. This superblockbaster from 1986 year is bigger and more dizzying than both of the released "Indiana Jones", And taken together. The level with "Laputa" can only be set "Star wars", And solely because of their cosmic scope. On land and in the air, "Laputa" is still more powerful than many Hollywood productions, and among tapes about children it is almost beyond competition. Because no American director would have sent the children without the help of Indiana Jones to scramble to cover the aircraft, fight off soldiers, chase on locomotives, hide in underground caves, explore an abandoned flying island, communicate with bizarre combat robots and risk their lives to save humanity. And this is only part of the almost non-stop adventures that are experienced by Sita and Pazu!

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

What is especially pleasant, both the main characters of "Laputa" appear not as fearless and unshakable supermen like Navsikai, but as bold, enterprising, kind, but still ordinary and human children. They run from villains, but do not throw them away with fighting techniques, they get frightened when they have something to fear, and they sincerely admire when they see something they've never seen before. In this respect, Sita and Pazu are reminiscent of Jim Hawkins from the "Treasure Island". But, unlike him, they are the main actors, and not witnesses of what the adults are doing. In other words, Miyazaki's heroes are the ideal leading characters for children's cinema. They are easy to empathize, their aspirations are easy to understand, and it is useful to imitate them in real life. After all, Sita and Pazu are industrious, independent and responsible guys, not pampered and capricious Belarusians.

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

A frame from the anime film "The Heavenly Castle of Laputa"

How good are the main characters of "Laputa", just as successful are its secondary characters and villains. Miners from the town of Pazu, pirates from the gang Doly, secret agents, soldiers ... Almost none of them (except perhaps soldiers in uniform) can not be reproached for boring facelessness. And the more screen time they have, the brighter they are, and sometimes even more fun. By the way, Laputa has a lot of funny jokes, although it's not a comedy - the finale of the tape is serious and heroic. And what are the air ships in the film! What fighting robots! What a delightful scenery! What heavenly and terrestrial battles! "Navsikaya" looked great, but in "Laputa" the graphic bar was raised at once for several divisions.

The same thing happened with music. If themes Joe Hisaishi for "Navsikai" they are fascinating or annoying, the soundtrack of the composer for "Laputa" can only be reproached for the fact that many scenes that Hollywood people would surely have voiced are left without musical accompaniment. When Hisaishi's music turns on, she always falls into the bull's eye without a miss. Is this the best Miyazaki movie? No, he also has stronger canvases created after Laputa. But they are related to other genres, and not all of them are easy to understand to a child who was not born in Japan. For our "children of any age," from five to fifty, "Laputa's Heavenly Castle" is an ideal movie.

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